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Bodrum - Ancient Halikarnassus
Welcome to the unparalleled holiday destination, a former fishing village known as the "new St. Tropez" with its dusk to dawn nightlife, and at the same time a treasure trove of archeological Greek and Roman treasures, including the world famous St. Peter's Castle Museum of Underwater Archaeology, housed in the labyrinth of a Crusader castle that for centuries has stood guard to protect the entrance of Bodrum's dazzling blue harbor.

Although Bodrum now welcomes throngs of socialites from all over the world, it manages to stay true to its fishing village origins, with its fleet of colorful fishing boats and a seaside boardwalk crowded as much with bronzed young men seeking pleasure as with fishermen seeking buyers for their day's catch of fish.

So Bodrum is not only a playground for Istanbul's and Europe's bejeweled rich, but also a refuge for sea lovers, yachting devotees, students of underwater archaeology, and devotees of history, art, architecture and heritage.

We would like to lead you along the colorful alleys, the bazaar-like market area nestled nearby the port, where you will have the opportunity to treasure hunt for local products, crafts, herbs, raw cotton fabrics bedecked with wooden beads, spices, dried fruits and more, all of which are part of the legend of the town.
Open your eyes, heart, senses and feelings to a city with an atmosphere of vibrancy and cultural richness, fortified by its ancient and proud heritage.

Bodrum - the destination that is both a wonderful and overwhelming dream...

Bodrum is the site of the ancient city of Halicarnassus, capital of an ancient civilization known as Caria. Halicarnassus had been a Dorian foundation in the first millennium BC. The Carians were known as early as Hittite times.

The most celebrated king of Caria was Mausolus, who had married his sister, Artemisia, in 377 BC. When Mausolus died three years later, his grieving queen, whose devotion to him had become proverbial (she is said to have mixed a pinch of his ashes with her daily glass of wine), commissioned in his memory the magnificent monument, the Mausoleum, which afterwards became known as of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Mausoleum was said to have been 45 meters (148 feet) high, covered with elaborate white marble reliefs. Standing at the highest spot of Halicarnassus, visitors could see the great structure for miles around when they approached the ancient town with their boats.

Halicarnassus or with its modern name, Bodrum, is also famous as the birthplace of Herodotus, who is regarded as the "Father of History:"

Traveler's Guide to Bodrum's Nightlife
When darkness falls, Bodrum adorns with her nightgowns: the narrow roads are illuminated, the blaze of sidewalk-cafe windows, and the glare of neon signs flood the streets. Once the workday is over, most people go to a cafe to meet with friends over a drink and perhaps a meal; then, they may head home or proceed to a restaurant; and much later, they may show up at a bar or a dance club of Bodrum.

Get to know the other facet of Bodrum by discovering her vibrant and exciting nightlife from the central old town with "Barlar Sokağı" (Bar Street) and fish restaurants scattered throughout the old market place.

You can also dine and party in Türkbükü, located to the north of the main town and approximately a 25-minute taxi drive from town.

Türkbükü is the favorite haunt of Istanbul's social elite, and it is a spectacular location for dining out, with pier after pier set with candle lit tables and spectacular fish based cuisine. If you do venture to Türkbükü, ladies should be armored with their best jewelery and men should be prepared to sign the dinner bill without looking at the bill! You may dine at superior restaurants such as Maki, Mey and Maça Kizi. Please don't go without making reservations first.

Traveler's Guide to Leisure
Wandering on Bodrum Streets

Anybody who has visited Bodrum before will tell you that apart from the fantastic lagoon blue bays, nothing compares to the early-evening stroll on the streets of Bodrum. The light of the late hour, the pleasant buzz, the narrow streets filled with locals and tourists alike, and the romantic ambience in the air as you stroll along can lead you to a modern restaurant, boutiques, a lovely café overlooking Turkish gulets lined up along the bay, the fortress, or an ancient, unassuming site. You can also dine and party in Türkbükü, located to the north of the main town and approximately a 25-minute taxi drive from town.

Blue Voyages on a Turkish Gulet
The south western coast of Turkey is one of the best yachting and sailing areas in the world.

The wonderful climate, unrivaled ancient cities, superb cuisine and friendly people all welcome you for a perfect holiday - the famous Blue Voyage is unforgettable, even if you can enjoy it only for a single day. Bodrum is the place of origin for Blue Voyages in Turkey. Read more on http://www.blueguide.com

St. Peter's Castle
The organization of the Knights of John started as a simple body during the 11th century. Merchants from Amalfi obtained permission from the Caliph of Egypt to build a hospital in Jerusalem. At the beginning, it consisted of a church and a hospital and the organization was purely religious in character. During the following centuries, particularly because of the Crusades and the political events of the period, the Order gradually grew into a very powerful military organization. The Knights of John supplied food, medical help and security to those traveling to Christian Holy lands to carry out the crusades against those they considered infidels. Since, for the Knights hospitality was always their main concern, the Knights were also called the Hospitaliers. However, at the same time, they always identified themselves as soldiers of Christ and the defenders of Holy Christian places in Jerusalem. The Knights of John built this impressive castle from Rhodes, after their capture of Bodrum in 1402 AD. Nearly 250 coats of arms bear witness of the Christian occupation of the castle.

Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology
The transformation of the ruined, dilapidated castle of St. Peter's into a great museum of world importance was the work of vision and perseverance of different lovers of history and nautical archaeology such as Peter Throckmorton, an American journalist-diver, Prof. George F. Bass, a professor of scientific nautical archaeology and also the founder of the Institute of Nautical Archaeology (Texas A&M), and Hakki Gultekin, the director of the Izmir Museum. Azra Erhad, a respected academic, also supported the cause in the national press. These early initiatives and continued insistence were rewarded in 1961 when the Turkish government, by official decree, created Bodrum Museum in the castle under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture. Since the 1960's one section after another opened within this impressive and magnificent castle. Today visitors discover a comprehensive and appealing open-air museum with a whimsical mix of museum buildings, a dungeon, a menagerie of winged and other animals and glass-blowers and other artisans. The ancient artifacts are displayed in a relevant context, supported by graphics or paintings. The ambiance within the Castle is also another asset of a visit, as the flowers and even birds living here are reflecting the species found in the Medieval time. Thus, all these elements and many other waiting to be discovered make the Museum of Underwater Archaeology an important stop for anyone visiting Bodrum.

The Mausoleum
This great monument was one of the Seven Wonders of the World and built for the King Mausolos in the 4th century by Artemisia, his sister and his wife. The monument had three major parts with a height of 45 meters (135 feet). First, it had a podium. Above the solid podium, a colonnade of 24 columns, eleven columns on the flanks and 9 columns on the short sides surrounded a rectangular room. At the very top, a pyramid of 24 steps carried four-horsed chariot with the figures of Mausoleum and Artemisia. The four sides of the structure was adorned with sculptural reliefs created by each one of four Greek sculptors - Leochares, Bryaxis, Scopas of Paros and Timotheus. This marvelous monumental tomb stood for 1500 years. According to 12th century eyewitnesses, the monument was in excellent shape of preservation. When the Knights of John arrived to Bodrum, they used the ruins or "spolia" of the monument for the construction of the current Castle.

The Ancient Theater
The theatre of Halicarnassus is today situated high above Bodrum just along Bodrum's main thoroughfare. This theater is a comfortable place to sit and contemplate Bodrum and take in the vista below with the city harbor, the castle and the harbor with all of its gulets and yachts. This Carian - Hellenistic theatre of 13,000 seats is one of the oldest in Anatolia. You may notice a stone altar once used before the plays for sacrifices to the god of wine, Dionysus, and several holes cut through some of the seats, most likely used for sunshades. Today, the ancient theatre is used as a venue for performances by some of Turkey's best known performers, and you may wish to spend a night being entertained in this ancient theatre by modern talent. Remember to bring a shawl or a sweater as the higher elevations of Bodrum become quite cool once the sun has sunk below the sea.

Myndos Gate
Located on the west side of Bodrum, this is one of the two former grand entrances to ancient Halicarnassus. The soldiers of Alexander the Great struggled mightily to fight their way into Halicarnassus by way of the Myndos Gate in 333 BC. After his conquest of the city, Alexander the Great settled his headquarters nearby.

Knidos was a Hellenic city. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey), Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis. The Agora, the Theatre, the Odium, the Temple of Dionysus, the Temple of the Muses, the Temple of Aphrodite and a great number of minor buildings have been identified. Today, the general plan of the city has been very clearly made out. The most famous statue by Praxiteles, the Aphrodite of Knidos, was made for Cnidus. It has perished, but late copies exist, of which the most faithful is in Vatican Museum.

Standing majestically beside the main road between Milas and Lake Bafa is one of the best-preserved temples in Asia Minor. This is the Temple of Euromos (meaning strong in Greek). The temple was built in the 2nd century AD, and sixteen of its original seventeen Corinthian order columns are still standing, complete with their architraves. It is believed that the temple was never completed, as evidenced by three columns on the south and southwest sides, which have no fluting, but an archaeological survey in 1969 found an inscription from Hellenistic times, which proved that the present temple was built on the site of an even earlier one. The city of Euromos stood a short walk from the temple, to the north. There you will find the remains of a round tower, dating from 300 BC, which was once part of the city wall and from which it is possible to trace the wall, which it is possible to trace the wall, which once enclosed a very large area. On the hillside above the plain are the remains of a badly deteriorated west-facing theatre, best preserved in its northern corner.

From the extent of the ruins it appears that Euromos was a city of considerable wealth. Contemporary writings show that the citizens lived in some disharmony, although in apparent union with their more powerful neighbors at Mylasa. This union did not last, for when Mylasa demanded recompense for some infringement by Euromos, the citizens turned to the Rhodian and Romans for atonement and hence regained their independence.

Hiking in Yalıçiftlik
Renowned for its secluded and untouched feel, the little-known village of Yaliciftik, (meaning 'a mansion by the sea'), lies among fragrant forests of pine trees, which cover the hilly landscape to provide beautiful hiking opportunities. Although only 20 minutes drive from the vibrant and exciting Bodrum, Yaliciftik makes you feel like being in another world.

The small village in Yaliciftlik is a fantastic starting point for a special hiking experience; where you will walk along the old and winding paths through the Aegean scenery before hiking up Yali Mountain. From the mountain's summit, you will be able to watch an incredible sunrise with a fabulous view over the Aegean coast along with surprising landscapes and natural beauties.

Excursions to the Lelegian city of Pedesa
The peninsula between Halicarnassus and Myndus was in early times occupied by the Lelegians, who as we learn from Strabo founded eight cities here. Lately, two of the eight towns died out and Mausolus incorporated the last ones into his new capital of Halicarnassus and the ancient city of Pedasa is one of them. It is situated in Konacık village and lies some ninety-minutes walk to the North of Bodrum, at the head of a pass overgrown by pine-trees. The locals call this area Gökçeler or Gökçeler Castle. Like the other six cities' remains, Pedasa is identifiable by its hilltop position, its general layout, and the characteristic Lelegian masonry. The site is in a remote area and can be reached with great efforts on foot. Thus, a fantastic place for hikers. We know about the origin of Pedasa thanks to Homer, who placed the Lelegians far from Miletus in the southern part of the Troad, where their King Altes held the city of Pedasus on the Satnioeis. From here, after the Trojan War, they moved southward, till they settled finally in the Carian country around Halicarnassus and founded eight cities, one of them bears the name Pedasa, an obvious echo of the city of King Altes.

In history Pedasa is known to be a small but very strong and resistant town against invasions. Actually, Pedasa in the ancient time was apparently of more account than their neighborhood Halicarnassus. In this respect, it is recorded that when the Persian King Harpagus advanced into Caria in the 6th BC, he met opposition from the little Lelegian town of Pedasa, whereas the Greek cities gave no trouble. The ruins today are quite considerable and show a characteristic Lelegian town. The main citadel is some 170 yards (155 m) long with a high wall of irregular masonry; at its upper (east) end is an inner enclosure approached by a ramp and gateway, with a staircase in one corner.

The main entrance, 8 feet (2,40m) wide, is at the western end. In the interior are many traces of buildings, especially close up against the inner face of the town wall. Below this citadel on the south and east is a larger outer enclosure with a wall of dry rubble masonry strengthened with towers. On the ridges to the south and southeast are a number of the remarkable "chamber-tumuli" which are characteristic of the Lelegian country. These consist of a vaulted circular chamber approached by a passage and enclosed by a ring wall heaped over with loose stones. Some of these tombs, judging from the pottery found in them, must date back to 700 B.C. or even earlier. The best preserved of these tumuli is at a site known as Gebe Kilise, northeast of Gökçeler.

Mydos: the Forgotten City under the Aegean Water
This peaceful village is one of the oldest settlements on the peninsula. Most of the village is designated an official archeological sites so that no landscaping alterations or new groundbreakings are allowed. The classical city of Myndus is located with complete certainty at Gümüşlük. The silver-mines have given the name to the village today, but are not mentioned in any ancient source. Indeed the only Myndian product of which we know is the wine.

In the 4th century BC the King Mausolus decided to build new Myndos and transplanted the entire population. One hundred years ago there were ruins worth seeing (including a Theatre and a Stadium), but now these have disappeared, being gradually dismantled for the foundations and walls of new buildings. If you walk for ten minutes to the bay north east of Gumusluk you will see a buried wall jutting from a hillside into the sea. While the area's archaeological status forbids diving with tanks, snorkelers will find more walls under water here, as well as an ancient breakwater in the harbor, Those visiting by boat will want to stay close to the island on the eastern side of the entrance to avoid hitting the underwater structures.

The island, known as Rabbit Island among the locals, separates the two well-sheltered bays of Gumusluk. If you sit in a shore side restaurant and look closely for a while you will see a few rabbits on the island. A villager who sells them in markets elsewhere raises them there. It is possible to wade to the island through knee-deep water and sunbathe and dive from many rock formations. Several restaurants have a terraced roof, perfect for enjoying the tranquil scene or for watching the sunset. The restaurants supply food of surprisingly good quality in an un-crowded environment, and their rush woven umbrellas typify the ones by the harbor.

Turkish standard time is 2 hours ahead Greenwich Mean Time, 1 hour ahead of Central European Time, and 7 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time.  Summer (Daylight-Saving) Time is observed in Turkey, where the time is shifted forward by 1 hour; 3 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+3).

After the Summer months the time in Turkish Time is shifted back by 1 hour to Eastern European Time (EET) or (GMT+2)

Turkish Lira (TL)
Click on the link below to view the current rates: Exchange rates of Central Bank  of Turkey

Banks in Bodrum Resort
Most banks are located in the central shopping area of Bodrum. The
Banking hours are 09.00-12.00/13.00-17.00 Mon to Fri.
Change offices are open 7 days a week from 10:00 to 23:00. Exchange rates change daily and can be learned from newspapers, banks, change offices and of course internet.

Bodrum climate and avarage weather (in C degrees)
Mediterranean climate in Bodrum is characterized by warm rainy winters and hot sunny summers. Bodrum enjoys 300 days of sunshine each year. Summers in Bodrum are humid and the real feel of temperatures is usually above the displayed temperatures. From April to October rains are very rare, and this period is considered to be the driest in the region. Needless to say the hottest and the driest month is

Bodrum Air Sea
January 14° C 16° C
February 14° C 16° C
March 17° C 16° C
April 20° C 17° C
May 25° C 19° C
June 30° C 22° C
July 33° C 23° C
August 33° C 24° C
September 29° C 23° C
October 24° C 21° C
November 19° C 19° C
December 15° C 17° C

Bodrum Geography and Population
Bodrum is located in the southwestern Aegean Region of Turkey, on the southern coast of Bodrum Peninsula, at the entry into the Gulf of Gökova, and is only 20 minutes to the nearest Greek Island of Kos.  The city was called Halicarnassus of Caria in ancient times and was famous for housing the Mausoleum of Mausolus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Bodrum Castle, built by the Crusaders in the 15th century, overlooks the harbour and the marina. The castle grounds include a Museum of Underwater Archeology and hosts several cultural festivals throughout the year. The population of Bodrum peninsula has reached 120,000 while there are about 32,000 in Bodrum town itself. In the summer the population grows up to 700,000.

Typical costs in Bodrum
Turkish breakfasts from 10 Turkish Lira (salty cheese and olives, served with fresh and ripe tomatoes, cucumbers, all come with fresh village bread and local honey and jams.
English breakfasts from 7 Turkish Lira.
Kebabs from 5 Turkish Lira.
Chicken wraps from 3,5 Turkish Lira.
Five course meal from 15 Turkish Lira.
Turkish tea and coffee are cheaper at town's Belediye (municipal) cafes. You would pay 2 Turkish lira for Turkish coffee where the locals drink, instead of pricey town's patisseries where you would be charged from 5 Turkish lira for Turkish coffee.
Sunbeds on most Bodrum beaches are FREE if you buy your drinks and food from the bar running the beach.

Travel around Bodrum
Local ‘Dolmuş’ minibus runs around Bodrum, connecting to its other areas like Bitez, Gumbet and so on. Get on and off anywhere along the route. The fee is displayed above the driver. You may pass the money to other passengers who will then pass your payment to the driver, your change is sent in the same manner.
Taxis are recognized by there yellow colour. The fare shown on the meter reads according to the distance travelled.

Health and safety in Bodrum
Inoculations - Please see your local GP.
Drink only bottled water.
Ambulance number 112.
Private and State hospitals, doctors surgeries and clinics are available all over Bodrum. Health insurance is highly recommended.
Medical facilities in our town are up-to-date and equipped to cope with the majority of medical problems. There are multilingual doctors and dentists all around the town open during weekly business hours.
For emergencies the town hospitals are open 24 hours a day and most of the duty doctors are bilingual. An ambulance service may be requested from hospitals for emergencies.

There is a large number of pharmacies (Eczane) in Bodrum, open during business hours. In each area there is a pharmacy open 24-hour for emergencies. To learn which pharmacy is on duty, check with your tour operator, the notices posted on the pharmacy windows or call information on 118. All medicine is available, yet strong painkillers, tranquilizers, and some other medicine require prescription.

How much will a visit to doctor cost me ?
In Turkey, like in most European countries you will be charged for your visits. Usually a regular visit to a doctor would cost about 50-80 TL. However, the fee could change so it is better to ask about approximate price in advance. Most doctors provide receipts for holiday insurance claims.

Electrical Appliances
The voltage is 220 Volts AC in all parts of the country.


Bodrum Cruise Port
Situated on a beautiful peninsula, Bodrum, in these days is better known as the "New St. Tropez" and is one of the most attractive coastal cities of Turkey both among Turkish and foreign travelers. Bodrum exceeds the expectations when you face the world famous St. Peter's Castle or when you discover enchanting villages with houses painted in white and trimmed with purple bougainvillea together with miles of sandy beaches and ideal locations for water sports. All these assets are representing just a small portrait of Bodrum.

In the past Bodrum lacked a port, so only a few cruise lines could enjoy the natural and archaeological sources of Bodrum by staying at anchorage and in the place where now the great port complex stands only a deserted small hill was facing the blue water of Bodrum. In March 2008 the Cruise Port launched its operations, and cruise vessels are now welcomed by a full ISPS-certified port in Bodrum Cruise Port and have the possibility to enjoy the treasures of the region in a safe and secure environment.

Bodrum Cruise Port is located 36 km from Milas International Airport and a few minute walk to the city center. The Port has the capacity to serve at least two large cruise vessels at a time together with three motorboats. The newly built pier has a length of 240 meters (787.4ft) on the longer side and 220 meters (721.8ft) on the inside, with a width of 15 meters (49.2ft). The draft of is -9 meters in the shallow part of the pier and -22 (72.2ft) meters at the end of the pier.

Other than the cruise pier, the Port has various quays ranging from 3m (9.8ft) to 6m (19.7ft), totaling to 300m (984ft). In addition to the quays, the Port harbors three ferryboat ramps.

The Port has a total area of 22,000 m² (236,800ft²) with a beautiful terminal building in total harmony with the pure blue Mediterranean and Aegean blue waters meeting and mixing here in the city of Bodrum but also the whitewashed houses, which look like a dusting of new snow on the mountaintop.

The terminal building is housing all the customs offices, duty-free area, restaurant and cafeteria. Other buildings will comprise in the near future other restaurants, cafes and brand new shops and boutiques.


37°02′00″N 27°26′00″E


Bodrum Cruise Port tel. +90 252 316 48 72
Our Office tel. +90 252 417 11 28
Bodrum Harbour Master tel. +90 252 316 25 31
Bodrum Customs tel. +90 252 313 86 66
Bodrum Coastguard tel. 158

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